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United States District Court – Eastern District of North Carolina Renders Pro-ESOP Trustee Decision

April 29, 2020

In Lee v. Argent Trust Company, the district court dismissed the Plaintiff’s claim that Argent, as trustee of the Choate Construction Company ESOP, committed a fiduciary breach when it paid $198 million for the purchase of 100% of the company’s stock. The Plaintiff had alleged that she suffered damages because the ESOP’s stock was valued…

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Major Tax Benefits of ESOPs

April 22, 2020

ESOPs have several significant tax benefits, the most important of which are: 1. Contributions of stock are tax deductible: That means companies can get a current cash flow advantage by issuing new shares or treasury shares to the ESOP, although this means existing owners will be diluted. 2. Cash contributions are deductible: A company can…

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ESOPs Versus 401(k) Plans for Retirement Security*

April 15, 2020

ESOPs 401(k) Plans Contribution rate from company to the plan 6% to 8% of pay per year for all eligible employees. 4% of pay of those eligible employees making deferrals per year (about two-thirds to three-quarters of eligible employees defer into the plan). Rate of return Department of Labor data indicate ESOPs had a 9.1%…

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The Uses of ESOPs

March 31, 2020

Many people do not know what an ESOP is, let alone what one is used for, and the ways ESOPs can benefit employees. The following is summary of how ESOPs are used. To buy the shares of a departing owner: Owners of privately held companies can use an ESOP to create a ready market for…

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ESOP Infographic

March 25, 2020

Infographic by National Center for Employee Ownership (NCEO) from What Is an ESOP?

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Is the Trustee the Same as the Fiduciary of an Employee Ownership Plan?

March 18, 2020

In most cases, the trustee is the fiduciary, but the two functions are not necessarily the same. Plans must designate who the fiduciary is; they can designate this for all issues or have different fiduciaries for particular issues. A fiduciary is anyone who makes decisions about plan operations, including its management or the disposition of…

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Does the Board Become a Fiduciary Simply by Appointing a Trustee?

March 11, 2020

Courts have generally said no, but in the Department of Labor’s August 2003 lawsuit against Enron (the case was settled out of court), it asserted that the board and management did have fiduciary responsibility for Enron’s stock ownership plans because they appointed and had the right to change fiduciaries for the plans. In this case…

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Who is a Fiduciary?

March 4, 2020

A fiduciary is anyone who makes decisions for the plan, causes someone to make a decision about the plan, or, in some cases, provides advice to someone making decisions about the plan. Put differently, it is anyone who exercises control over plan assets, directly or indirectly. Any person (or any group of people) can be…

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Who Can Be a Trustee?

February 26, 2020

Anyone can serve as a trustee, but it should be someone with the requisite knowledge and skills or someone who will acquire them. While a seller can be a trustee, it is not a good idea as courts and the DOL will regard it as a per se conflict of interest. Who selects the trustee?…

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Trustee Selection

February 19, 2020

Can an independent trustee be designated for a particular issue? Yes. A reasonable compromise for many companies is to have an inside trustee or trust committee for normal operations but appoint an outside trustee for special circumstances that present strong conflicts of interest, such as an acquisition proposal. What are the arguments for having an…

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DISCLAIMER: The Articles displayed on this website do not constitute legal advice, nor do they substitute for the advice of qualified professionals. While the Articles displayed on this website are designed to provide information regarding the subject matter covered, we cannot guarantee the accuracy of any statements contained therein. If any legal advice or expert assistance is required, the services of qualified professionals should be sought.

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